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Vets Corner Winter 2018

19 November 2018

VETS CORNER

DIABETES MELLITUS INFORMATION SHEET

NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Overview                    This condition affects the control of body sugar levels. The insufficient production of insulin or the body’s cells inability to respond to insulin efficiently.

Causes                         Diabetes is caused by a deficiency of insulin which results in N(glucose in the urine).

Signs of disease          Increased thirst, increased urination, increased hunger, weight loss, lethargy, depression, dehydration, anorexia,            vomiting, ketotic breath (smells of pear drops), potentially diabetic coma and death.

Diagnosis                     Blood sample checking glucose concentration and/or fructosamine concentration. Urine sample and possibly monitoring water consumption.

Treatment                  Day-to-day treatment is usually insulin injections once or twice a day. Very occasionally oral medication may be used. Diet management. A CONSISTENT ROUTINE. The vet must be contacted if the cat stops eating at any point, or starts to show further signs of disease.

Prognosis                    Fair/good if stable and well controlled. Potentially poor if left untreated or remains unstable.

Prevention                  Making sure the cat does not become obese, by ensuring a healthy balanced diet and plenty of exercise, will reduce the chances of the cat becoming diabetic. However, there may be some genetic disposition.

Husbandry                   Record the time of insulin injections, the dose of insulin injected, the amount and time of food offered and eaten, amount of water drunk, exercise and demeanour.

Zoonosis (Infectious

to people)                   Not infectious.